A history of russian civil war

Hence, many of these countries expressed their support for the Whites, including the provision of troops and supplies. The Western Allies armed and supported opponents of the Bolsheviks.

The Communists had been driven out, and the Ukrainian nationalists were divided in their attitude to Denikin, Petlyura being hostile to him, but the Galicians preferring him to the Poles, whom they considered their main enemy.

He based himself in Rostov to start with. Geography and chronology[ edit ] In the European part of Russia the war was fought across three main fronts: The leaders of the provisional government, including young Russian lawyer Alexander Kerensky, established a liberal program of rights such as freedom of speech, equality before the law, and the right of unions to organize and strike.

By the Red Army had become much better than the armies of its White opponents. Why did the Reds win the civil war in Russia against all the odds?

The Russian Civil War

Within Russia itself, those who opposed the Bolsheviks looked to the western powers for help. The massacre sparked the Russian revolution ofduring which angry workers responded with a series of crippling strikes throughout the country.

They took the city of Perm and advanced to the Volga. The party had a secret police unit called the Cheka, which was to change its title to the NKVD which was ruthless in hunting out possible opponents to Lenin.

If a Red commander was successful in combat, they were promoted. The German Empire created several short-lived satellite buffer states within its sphere of influence after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Denikin, became known as the White movement sometimes referred to as the "White Army" and controlled significant parts of the former Russian Empire for most of the war.

During this first period the Bolsheviks took control of Central Asia out of the hands of the Provisional Government and White Army, setting up a base for the Communist Party in the Steppe and Turkestan, where nearly two million Russian settlers were located.

British, French and American units were all sent to various Russian ports to support White forces, while Japanese troops invaded in the east. The signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk also resulted in direct Allied intervention in Russia and the arming of military forces opposed to the Bolshevik government.

But both cities were saved by Red Army counterattacks. Men flocked to join the Red Army — not necessarily because they believed in what the Reds stood for but because Lenin had ordered that supplies of food went first to soldiers — what was left went to those who lived in the cities.

List of wars involving Russia

The Japanese delegates at the Washington Conference of —22 promised the U. Other groups not directly aligned with the Bolsheviks or the Whites fought for independence or control of their own regions.

On November 18th,the Socialist Revolutionaries were pushed out of the Ufa Directorate by former tsarist officers who placed Kolchak at their head. Red Army From mid onwards, the Russian Armythe successor-organisation of the old Russian Imperial Armystarted to disintegrate; [10] the Bolsheviks used the volunteer-based Red Guards as their main military force, augmented by an armed military component of the Cheka the Bolshevik state-security apparatus.

Russian Civil War

They opposed violent social revolution.The Russian Civil War was a pervasive conflict, drawing in many disparate political and military groups, nationalist movements and all classes of Russian society.

Several foreign nations, most of whom opposed Bolshevik government in Russia, also contributed troops, weapons, supplies and intelligence to warring parties.

Russian Civil War, (–20), conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government led by Vladimir I. Lenin against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies.

The Russian Civil War. The Russian Civil War was to tear Russia apart for three years – between and The civil war occurred because after Novembermany groups had formed that opposed Lenin’s killarney10mile.com groups included monarchists, militarists, and, for a short time, foreign nations.

The following is an incomplete list of armed conflicts and wars fought by Russia, by Russian people, from antiquity to the present killarney10mile.com also includes wars fought outside Russia by Russian military.

Feb 26,  · The Russian Revolution of was one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century.

The violent revolution marked the end of the Romanov dynasty and centuries of Russian.

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A history of russian civil war
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