Several psychological theories describe an ideally well-adjusted personality, any deviation from which is interpreted as abnormal to a greater or lesser degree.
In a small, traditional community, where deviant persons can be looked after, they may remain at home, and their odd ways will be seen as a problem for the family rather than for the society.
In one study, Japanese, American, and Venezuelan students were asked to have a five-minute conversation with a stranger of the same sex and nationality. The questions raised by these different criteria for defining abnormality can be summarized as one question: Jerome Wakefield 2nd edition 5.
According to Edward Hallthe primary investigator of this subject of "personal space": People who stand too close to us may seem to us pushy; people who stand too far away may seem cold. Society begins with a discussion of the difficulty of defining abnormal behavior and of the importance of developing explanations supported by scientific evidence.
In conclusion, how abnormal behaviors are defined, explained, and treated in our society is the subject of this paper.
Whatever the explanation of abnormal behavior, most societies feel that something must be done about such behavior. Thus in defining abnormal behavior we must consider more.
Although examples of bizarre behavior are seen throughout history, and considerations of why people act as they do have appeared and reappeared in literature and philosophy, the scientific study of abnormal behavior really only began around Many professionals feel that the question cannot be decided one way or the other, but that the definition of mental disorder must rest on both facts and values.
A large technological society, on the other hand, will tend to isolate deviants so as to prevent them from disrupting the functioning of the family an the community. At the same time, the maladaptiveness standard is unique in that it concentrates on the practical matter of getting through life with some measure of success.
How do human groups arrive at a way of treating the deviant in their midst? A behavioral psychologist would assume a lack of positive reinforcement to be a significant cause in the disease. DSM-IV includes the major categories of abnormal behavior which are anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorders and phobias; affective disorders, which are disturbances of mood such as depression; schizophrenic disorders, which are characterized by major disturbances in personality and distortion of reality; and various personality disorders.
One is that the behavior occurs infrequently and thus deviates from statistical norms. Behavior is the manner in which a person behaves, whether they can conform to the standards, or whether they cannot conform to the standards.
Typically, they will be prayed over, relieved of responsibilities, and treated with mixed kindness and ridicule.
This standard overlaps somewhat wit that of norm violation. Is it normal for men to watch football on Sundays, and for women to watch daytime drama shows during the week?
The following criteria are used to determine whether a persons behavior is abnormal or not: Abnormal behavior is defined as behavior that is considered to be maladaptive or deviant by the social culture in which it occurs.
He states that our purpose is to control these instincts and powers. Sigmund Freud 7. According to Sigmund Freud,human beings are just mechanical creatures, whom he views as prisoners of primitive instincts and powers, which we can barely control.
Now, take it a step further. Maher and Maher 6. In North America, when two people who do not know one another well are conversing, they will stand about 3 feet apart, but in South America they stand much closer, and in Asia, much farther apart.Ch STUDY.
PLAY. deviance, adjustment, psychological health. drawing the line between normal and abnormal. deviance. normal is what ost people do. any deviation woud be considered abnormal.
limitation to deviance. ususal criteria for classification of abnormal behavior. 1) learned behaviors 2) sociocultural background. Abnormal Psychology Essay Words | 4 Pages Abnormal Psychology Abnormal psychology in the area within psychology that is focused on maladaptive behavior-its causes, consequences, and treatment.
Dec 14, · View and download abnormal behavior essays examples.
Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for. Drawing the Line: Normal and Abnormal Behavior The term abnormal is defined as deviating from the norm (Spoor, ).
The definition however is problematic in that it addresses other factors. Abnormal Behavior essaysAbnormal behavior- This type of behavior can be described as unusual, nonadaptive, labeled as abnormal by society or characterized by cognitive distortion.
There are several perceived explanations of such behavior discussed in the chapter. The demonological explanations be Continue reading this essay Continue.
Delineating between normal and abnormal behavior is thus more complicated in that a medical implication is often involved. Several criteria have been proposed to account for such.
For instance, the first criteria accounts for .Download