The diverse attitudes regarding suicide

No names or any other personal information was recorded. Coloured people, on the other hand, are not part of a tribal system and speak no unique language. Until recently, under the apartheid system, the South African population was loosely defined in terms of three racial groups, namely African, Coloured and European.

Descriptive analysis of euthanasia attitude scale and ethnicity Download as.

Although the test was standardised for the American population, the reliability score for this specific study using the Euthanasia Attitude Scale had an Alpha of 0.

The estimated population of the Western Cape forms The entire social, political and legal structures of South Africa were designed around these racial categories [ 20 ].

Ethnicity and Euthanasia Various authors [ 89141516171819 ] find that people from an African background are more opposed to euthanasia than those from a European background.

Sample and Methodology Through simple random sampling, an equal number of respondents, 40 from the African predominantly Xhosa40 from the Coloured and 40 from the European communities were identified — in total.

Groenewald [ 28 ] furthermore explains that, according to Proclamation ofthe Coloured ethnic group included any person who wasa descendant of a Cape Coloured, a Malaysian, Griqua, Chinese, Indian, or other Asian immigrants or slaves.

Import into RefWorks 1. Results Table 1 indicates the mean and standard deviation of the demographic variable, ethnicity, towards euthanasia, while Table 2 shows the results of an ANOVA analysis of the total Euthanasia Attitude Scale and Ethnicity.

This argument is supported by Twycross [ 41 ] who showed that older people tend to disapprove of euthanasia because of the fear that their lives may be ended against their will when they are no longer in complete control of their circumstances.

Attitudes toward life and death are socio-culturally based and culturally specific. Profile South African society is characterised by a complex array of economic, cultural, class and ideological factors, many of which are in sharp contrast with one other and conflict with one another.

The questionnaire has excellent psychometric properties, such as stability, internal consistency, discriminant validity, and test-retest reliability. Although their culture presents people with norms and guidelines according to which their lives may find meaning [ 6 ], attitudes towards euthanasia are more complicated than simply voicing an opinion for or against it.

Early and Akers [ 14 ] are of the opinion that major social factors, particularly religion and family, provide a buffer of social forces which prevent self-destruction in any form.

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The questions furthermore deal with a variety of issues concerning both active and passive euthanasia, such as the status of brain dead people, life-extending technology, ethics and legal issues. It is therefore important to include ethnicity in a study The diverse attitudes regarding suicide assesses attitudes towards euthanasia.

Once a participant showed any distress or discomfort with any of the questions, the researcher suspended the interview and re-assured the participant. A qualitative field study was conducted through interviews, and participation in this study was voluntary.

According to this act, a Coloured is any person who is from neither European nor from African descent, or any person with mixed bloodlines [ 28 ]. The researcher read each question and statement, explained any uncertainties and recorded the responses in written format.

A basic demographic questionnaire and the full version of the Euthanasia Attitude Scale of Holloway et al. According to Rabe [ 20 ], these racial groups did not necessarily represent meaningful cultural groups, especially since the classification of Africans included a wide range of different ethnic groups, such as the Nguni, Sotho, Venda and Ndebele.

These matters have created a serious need to re-examine the ethical and legal status of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide [ 12 ] in South Africa. Statistical Techniques Used An analysis on the raw scores of the collected data was done by the computer software programme Statistical Package for Social Sciences [ 35 ].

Introduction Questions about life and death will always be among the major issues people have to answer both collectively and individually — by every member of society.

These factors include their cultural and religious values and customs, political orientation, economic situation, the latest developments in medicine and legal issues [ 47891112 ]. Other explanations are that Africans are not self destructive because they direct their aggression outwards rather than inwards and that they expect life to be harsh [ 91920 ].

All the respondents were older than 65 years of age and resided in the Greater Cape Town area. The questionnaire consists of thirty-five questions to be answered on a seven-point Likertscale, of which half were written from a positive perspective, i. The ageing population, the increase in deaths from cancer and the expected deaths from AIDS, the development and expansion of life-prolonging technologies, the possible generational and cultural changes in the attitudes of patients, and care of the dying are fast creating grave moral dilemmas for society.

MacDonald [ 15 ] suggests that a possible explanation for this lies in the fact that members of the African ethnic groups are less likely to relinquish their control of their lives and hand it over to others. For the purpose of this article, the term Africans will refer to members of the Xhosa group and Coloureds to all people classified as Coloured in terms of the Population Registration Act Act 30 of cultural representations, attitudes, values and beliefs regarding youth suicide were explored in young Italians, Indians and Aus- tralians.

Participants were University. – HEALTH SCIENCE JOURNAL ® VOLUME 3, ISSUE 4 () Attitudes towards attempted suicide: the development of a measurement tool Christina Ouzouni1, Konstantinos Nakakis1 1.

Lecturer in Nursing, Department of Nursing, Technological Institute of Lamia. Cultural Perspective on Euthanasia. Nico Nortje.

Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, South Africa matters have created a serious need to re-examine the ethical and legal status of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide [1 no literature regarding the attitudes of members of the Coloured community concerning.

Understanding Cultural Factors in Suicide Prevention It takes a community to prevent suicide. UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL FACTORS IN SUICIDE PREVENTION Suicide rates, attempts and risk factors vary by race and diverse cultures from white middle-aged men to GLBT youth to Pacifi c Islanders.

Increasing. 2 Objectives for Workshop To understand culture and diversity in suicide prevention programs and evaluation. To discuss how to adequately assess population characteristics including ethnicity, geography, religion and socioeconomic factors.

attitudes toward suicide and suicidal behaviour in an urban community; as well as highlighted the perceptions of men and women regarding the complex nature of suicide.

The diverse attitudes regarding suicide
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