In the context of Antigone, Creon is given the dangerous pride which influences him to make a new law that substitutes the divine law. Her rejection of the law, especially the man, Creon has been problematic.
But opposite to her, her sister Ismene is reasonable, timid, obedient, plump and beautiful in looks. The major themes found in this drama are, rivalry between sisters, pride, the position of woman as a gender, individual versus state, conscience versus law, divine law versus human law which are described below.
She believes that according to divine law too, any human being on the earth must be given funeral right after the death.
In the case of Greek women, the freedom is limited and there are set rules and regulations for them to behave in the society. Because of the same pride, he has to lose all his family members. Because of this reason, the two sisters now become rivals in terms of beliefs and supports to the laws.
So, she is bold and stubborn enough to carry out her mission to bury her brother. This thought is gender bias from modern feminist point of view. He is so blind in belief that the law he has made is the same divine law, but he has forgotten the fact that none can make the law equal to divine law or greater than divine law.
He is reminded by the blind seer that the gods are with Antigone, but still he does not feel fear of the gods because of his pride that whatever he is doing is right.
But, as Antigone is bold and stubborn in her decision, she takes her stand for the sake of her family and she does not fear the man-made law but the divine law.
As a king, he has to set rules to keep order and peace in the state, but at the same time must not forget the divine law. As an individual Antigone is morally obliged to give proper burial to her brother to whom the state has denied the burial.
She represents the typical Greek women who are passive and does not bother to take any risks for the good cause and does not have any sense of freedom.
In such confined society and time, Antigone takes a strong stand for a good cause challenging the then social values and rules. Her timid nature and feminine quality dominate her and she steps back.
She fears the man-made law and cannot give full support to the moral duty of her sister Antigone. Her rebellion is threatening as it is against the gender role set by the men and the hierarchy made by the same men in their favor.A central theme of Antigone is the tension between individual action and fate.
While free choices, such as Antigone’s decision to defy Creon’s edict, are significant, fate is responsible for many of the most critical and devastating events of the trilogy.
Antigone study guide contains a biography of Sophocles, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
The theme sheds light on the value the ancient Greeks placed on the power of the gods and an individual's conscience. Explain how the conflict between divine and human authority is resolved, how theme is revealed through resolution, and what you can learn about the ancient Greek culture through a theme from the play Antigone.
Antigone by Sophocles deals with the varieties of themes, giving the drama a possibility of diverse interpretations. The major themes found in this drama are, rivalry between sisters, pride, the position of woman as a gender, individual versus state, conscience versus law, divine law versus human law which are described below.
A central theme of Antigone is the tension between individual action and fate. While free choices, such as Antigone’s decision to defy Creon’s edict, are significant, fate. One of the most important themes in Antigone is the struggle between fate and free will. Antigone would seem to seal her fate by defying Creon and burying her brother Polynices.
Antigone teaches us that every action has its consequence. For example, Creon's choice to ignore Haemon and Tiresias leads to the suicide of his son and wife.Download